Plum and bamboo comprise two of the 'friends of winter', plants which do not wither during the cold, dark winter months and instead remain green and verdant, thus representing perseverance and steadfastness through difficult times. Although this imagery originated in China, the symbolism became highly popular in Japan, and was used in artworks and ceramic designs both for domestic consumption and export. In this example, the appearance of the friends of winter alongside a couple represents constancy within a relationship: unlike the pretty but fleeting blossom of the springtime, a true connection is one which endures even through the most testing times. That only two of the three friends are included is part of a wider theme of repeated pairs on the dish: the couple sitting at the table, the two friends picking flowers in one of the smaller panels, and the repetition of each small vignette around the rim, with each scene, much like the central couple, facing its fellow counterpart. The fuku mark on the base translates to 'happiness', and the united imagery of the dish represents the felicity of a steadfast relationship.