Antique Chinese & Japanese PorcelainEuropean
Ceramics & Works of Art
Antique Chinese & Japanese PorcelainEuropean Ceramics & Works
Dutch Delft blue and white 'Peacock' plate, 18th century, with ochre rim, the centre decorated in cobalt oxide with an urn containing an arrangement of peacock feathers and flowers, the rim with stylised flower heads against a scrolling ground, with underglaze blue mark of De Porceleyne Claeuw to base with figure 2
Diameter: 22.7cm. (8 15/16in.)
Frits to ochre rim and 2 shallow chips
Marks on Dutch delft
A similar plate also from the De Claeuw factory is in the collection of the V&A (C.194-2003)
The De Claeuw (or 'De Klaauw') earthenware ceramic manufactory began life as one of the many breweries in sixteenth century Delft in the western Netherlands. However, in 1661 Cornelia Schoonhoven, a descendent of the family who had initially owned the brewery, and a businessman named Cornelis van der Houve converted the business into a ceramic factory producing delftware; tin-glazed earthenware usually decorated with blue derived from cobalt oxide. Over the following decades, the De Clauew business passed through the hands of various families, but it was during the first half of the eighteenth century that the factory became established as one of the top delftware manufacturers, utilising new techniques and producing a wide range of wares which reflected the changing tastes of eighteenth century Dutch society. One such design was the popular 'peacock' pattern. The peacock feathers embodied the exoticism of the East, and the luxury status which such items held within Dutch society. Interestingly, the combination of peacocks, urns and scrolling vines may have originated in early Byzantine funerary iconography and can be found on sarcophagi and floor mosaics in Ravenna dating from the 4th century onwards.
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